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Descriptive Text ~ Pengertian, Tujuan, Struktur, Unsur Kebahasaan, dan Contoh

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Descriptive Text ~ Pengertian, Tujuan, Struktur, Unsur Kebahasaan, dan Contoh

A. What is a Descriptive Text?

Descriptive text adalah teks yang mendeskripsikan hal-hal, orang, atau tempat tertentu. Yang dimaksud dengan tertentu adalah teks deskriptif hanya menjelaskan hal secara spesifik, bukan secara umum (general thing). Contohnya, kamu mempunyai sebuah tas dan temanmu bertanya tentang ciriciri tas tersebut. Kamu dapat menggunakan teks deskriptif untuk menjelaskan tas tersebut secara spesifik (specifically). Kamu dapat mendeskripsikannya dengan menyebutkan warnanya, bertukya, atau keunikannya. Dapat juga dikatakan dalam teks deskriptif, hanya satu benda, orang, atau tempat yang dapat digambarkan secara spesifik. 

B. Communicative Purpose Of Descriptive Text

Tujuan desciptive text adalah untuk mengatakan subyek dengan mendeskripsikan bentuknya sebagaimana mestinya. 

C. Generic Structure of Descriptive Text

a. Identification

1. Paragraf ini mengenalkan subyek yang akan didesknpsikan kepada pembaca.

2. Hal ini memberikan pembaca sebuah catetan detad temtang “when, where, who, or what’ dari suatu subyek

b. Description 

1. Bagian ini berisi beberapa paragraf.

2. Setiap paragraf biasanya dimulai dengan topkk kalimat.

3. Setiap paragraf mendeskripsikan satu fitur tentang subyek. 

4. seluruh paragraf dalam bagian ini mempunyai deskripsi yang detail dari subyek yang dideskripsikan. 

c. Conclusion (optional)

Paragraf kesimpulan menandakan bagian akhir teks. 

D. Language Features of Descriptive Text 

a. Menggunakan certain nouns (kata benda tertentu)

Contoh:

  • My teacher
  • My new house
  • My rabbit

b. Menggunakan simple present tense

Contoh:

  • My teacher is very patient
  • It is big
  • It loves eating carrot

c. Menggunakan sebuah detailed noun phrase untuk menambah beberapa informasi tentang subJek. 

Contoh:

  • She is a beautiful smart woman.
  • It is a nice new house.
  • It is a cute white rabbit. 

d. Menggunakan kata sifat yang deskriptif (descriptive adjectives)

Contoh:

  • Two blue eyes
  • Five big windows
  • Thick fur 

e. Menggunakan thinking verbs dan feeling verbs untuk mengungkapkan pendapat pribadi penulisnya tentang subjek

Contoh: 

  • I think she is a very professional teacher, 
  • I think I will have a very sound sleep on this comfortable bed.
  • I think it is the cutest rabbit I have ever seen a comfortable bed.

f. Menggunakan figurative language atau comparisan (Perbandingan) 

Contoh: 

  • She is as beautiful as Snow White. 
  • It stands strongly.
  • Its fur is as soft as cotton candy. 

E. Contoh Descriptive Text

Contoh descriptive text tentang benda

My New Mobile Phone

Hello, my name is Ryan. I want to tell you about my new mobile phone. My mother bought it for me as a birthday present. It is a brand new Samsung Galaxy Note 4. Its shape is rectangular. Its color is white. It is an android, so I can browse the internet faster and download many applications for free. It uses a touch screen and also an S-pen. I can create some doodling by using the S-pen. Its camera resolution is very good; I can take some cool photographs with it. It also has some funny and fun games to be played during my free time. I really love my new mobile phone.

1. Title: My New Mobile Phone

2. Communicative purpose: To describe my new mobile phone in specific

3. Generic structure: 

Identification: Hello, my name is Ryan. I want to tell you about my new mobile phone. My mother bought it for me as a birthday present. It is a brand new Samsung Galaxy Note 4. 

Description: Its shape is rectangular. Its color is white. It is an android, so I can browse the internet faster and download many applications for free. It uses a touch screen and also an S-pen. I can create some doodling by using the 5-pen. Its camera resolution is very good; I can take some cool photographs with it. It also has some funny and fun games to be played during my free time. I really love my new mobile phone.

4. Some language features:

~ Specific nouns: my new mobile phone

~ Using simple present tense: its color is white 

~ Using detailed noun phrase: it is a brand new Samsung Galaxy Note 4 

Contoh descriptive text tentang orang

My Uncle

Hey, I want to tell you about my uncle. His name is Andy Wijaya. He is a very kind man. He is an engineer. Now he works in a steel company in Jakarta. He has a long angular face and pointed nose. He has a small mustache and short black hair. His eyes are small and he wears glasses. He has a faint scar on his left cheek. He looks like a very serious person but actually, he is humorous. 

1. Title: My Uncle

2. Communicative purpose: To describe my unce

3. Generic Structure : 

Identification: Hey, I want to tell you about my uncle. His name is Andy Wijaya.

Description: He is a very kind man. He is an engineer. Now he works in a steel company in Jakarta. He has a long angular face and pointed nose. He has a small mustache and short black hair. His eyes are small and he wears glasses. He has a faint scar on his left cheek. He looks like a very serious person, but actually, he is humorous.

4. Some language features: 

~ Specific nouns: my uncle 

~ Using simple present tense: he is an engineer 

~ Using detailed noun phrases: he has a long angular face

~ Using descriptive adjective: short black hair 

Contoh descriptive text tentang tempat

My House

My house is a brick house with a small garden in front of it. Its paint is white and green. It is a very nice and comfortable house. My house has a living room, three bedrooms, a kitchen, and a bathroom. There is a verandah with three wooden chairs and a wooden table in front of the verandah. The living room is big enough. In the middle of the living room, there is a big sofa and some comfortable chairs. At the end of the living room, there is a cabinet with a TV set on it. 

My bedroom is quite small. There is a writing desk and a chair next to the window. The bed is small. It is on the left side opposite the window. there are a few books on the top of the desk. The kitchen is in the back part of the house. It is next to the bathroom. 

1. Title: My House

2. Communicative purpose: To describe my house 3. Generic Structure: 

Identification: My house is a brick house with a small garden in front of it. Its paint is white and green. It is a very nice and comfortable living house. My house has 4 rooms, three bedrooms, a kitchen, and a bathroom.

Description: There is a verandah with three wooden chairs and a wooden table in front of the verandah. The living room is big enough. In the middle of the living room, there is a big sofa and some comfortable chairs. At the end of the living room, there is a cabinet with a TV set on it. My bedroom is quite small. There is a writing desk and a chair next to the window. The bed is small. It is on the left side opposite the window. there are a few books on the top of the desk. The kitchen is in the back part of the house. It is next to the bathroom. 

4. Some language features:

~ Specific nouns: my house

~ Using simple present tense: my house has a living room and three bedrooms.

~ Using detailed noun phrase: it is a very nice and comfortable house

~ Using descriptive adjective: house three wooden chairs.

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